Women on Farms Project celebrated World Food Day and International Rural Women's day on 17 October with an event which brought together rural women from 12 different areas in the Western Cape. This year's focus was on the importance and demand for access to land for farmwomen to cultivate their own produce. This year, women demanded “Land for Food” and “One Woman, One Hectare!”
During the day, speakers were invited to guide discussions with the farmwomen around different topics. The first session addressed the impact of climate change on rural women's lives, including the shortening of the agricultural working season and food insecurity. The second discussion focused on food sovereignty as an alternative to the unjust food system, while the last was a dialogue on women's Right to Food, access to land and the impact on their livelihoods. As part of all three sessions, farmwomen shared their personal experiences, stories and motivational messages, vowing to amplify and advance their struggles for land to grow food.
As a means of celebrating their cultural culinary practices, some women did cooking demonstrations. This was a chance for women to exchange cooking methods and recipes and taste traditional South African meals. Women with food gardens and the mushroom cooperative also showcased their products and seeds, as well as various products made from their fruit and vegetables, including jams, caramelized figs and pickled vegetables. Community dance groups, including the youth, provided various traditional dances.
16 DAYS OF ACTIVISM TO END VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN & CHILDREN
"Violence against women is a serious and escalating evil in our society. It is both a part of the subordination of women and consequence of that inequality."
Nelson Mandela, 1996
Candice is a 40-year-old farm worker who lives and works in Villiersdorp. She experienced habitual physical abuse at the hands of her husband when he was drunk. One night she called the Villiersdorp police to say that her husband was threatening her with an axe: "Hy wil my kap met 'n byl". The police replied: "Maar jy's nog nie gekap nie!" ("He hasn't hit you yet."). Candice asked if they would only come if she was already dead.
Violence against women on farms has always been historically high, but has today reached pandemic proportions. This is exacerbated by the continued high levels of alcohol abuse, a legacy of the historical 'tot' system. Findings from a WFP survey of violence against women on farms found that more than 1 in 4 farmwomen (28%) have experienced violence at the hands of a partner. As Candice's story demonstrates, the treatment that women receive from police when reporting cases of domestic violence and rape often violates our rights and the Batho Pele principles. Many women experience secondary trauma as a result of the conduct of police officers.
Women on Farms Project capacitates women farm workers to know and claim their rights, and break the silence surrounding violence against women. We invite you to mark 16 Days of Activism with 300 farmwomen at a provincial Event and March.
DATE & TIME
Sunday, 30 November, 2014 at 14.00 (Candle-light March starts at 16.00)
Franschhoek Town Hall
- Dancing (groups from Rawsonville and Wolseley)
- Drama: “Miena & Danny: A Modern Love Story” (with Women from Soetendal Farm)
- Flash Mob (with youth from Grabouw, Wolseley and Wellington; will first be performed at Stellenbosch Mall on Saturday, 29 November at 11.00!)
FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE CONTACT
PRESS RELEASE: New land reform proposals won’t work for women farm workers
The new land reform policy proposed by Minister Gugile Nkwinti, Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform aims to strengthen the tenure rights of farm workers and dwellers through expansion of opportunities to become “landowners, farm managers, skilled agricultural workers and well-compensated workers” in the sector. According to the proposed policy, government will buy 50 percent of farmland and redistribute it proportionally to workers who have worked “diligently” on the farm for 10, 25 and 50 years respectively.
Following a workshop this week with farmwomen from Ashton, Ceres, Paarl, Rawsonville and Robertson, the following concerns and limitations are noted. Firstly, the policy does not fundamentally address the issue of land ownership per se even if tenure is tenuously addressed by providing shares in the land (and business). In many respects, the proposed policy is an updated version of the existing flawed share equity schemes, which largely benefited farm owners more than farm workers and dwellers, and saw farmers having the controlling decision-making power. The new scheme attempts to overcome this by including government officials in farm-level decision-making. However, given the Department of Rural Development & Land Reform’s lack of capacity and resources to monitor current evictions and share equity schemes, a massive investment will be needed to capacitate the department to effectively play this new role.
Secondly, to qualify for the benefits, a worker would have needed to work for 10 or more years. Since most women are seasonally employed, with most permanent workers being men, women seasonal workers will not receive any of the proposed benefits. They will only receive benefits indirectly if they are married to a man with long service. Women at the workshop stated that this perpetuates their vulnerability, which often makes it difficult to leave abusive relationships as they are dependent on male partners for housing on farms. Women argued for independent tenure, housing and land rights. Moreover, the proposed policy will therefore transfer the shares to men, thereby increasing men’s differential power and control over household resources.
Thirdly, there is also a strong likelihood of pre-emptive dismissals and evictions; in other words, farmers will dismiss, retrench and evict workers just before workers reach 10 years of “diligent” work. This will lead to increased casualisation and tenure insecurity. The danger of such pre-emptive evictions is great given that farmers have until April 2015 to respond to the policy proposal. We have previously seen farmers take pre-emptive or backlash action ahead of new laws being passed which aimed to improve the conditions of farm workers. Therefore, a moratorium on evictions is necessary to avoid such evictions.
To date, very few women directly benefited from farm equity schemes and other land reform initiatives. The current proposal will not redress the gender inequalities of previous schemes, mainly because it implicitly excludes tens of thousands of seasonal women workers. Currently, there are no land or tenure security policy proposals that specifically benefit women, eliminate gender discrimination and facilitate women’s independent tenure security and land ownership.
Although the current policy is well-intentioned, it will not meet the land and food security needs of women farm workers and dwellers. Government needs to meaningfully engage with women farm workers and dwellers to understand the specificities of their challenges and experiences, and the range of tenure and land needs that different groups of women require.
FOR FURTHER COMMENT, PLEASE CONTACT
Carmen Louw:021-887 2960/1/2- 083-655 6982
Colette Solomon: 021-887 2960/1/2- 072-415 0992
On Saturday, 8 March 2014, Women on Farms Project (WFP) celebrated International Women’s Day. With the international theme of “Inspiring Change”, 160 farmwomen from various areas, including Ceres, Rawsonville, De Doorns, Stellenbosch, Paarl, Grabouw and Wellington, as well as partners from Mawubuye from Ashton and Robertson and Food Sovereignty from Citrusdal, gathered to mark this day which has been celebrated internationally since 1911 to mark women’s achievements. While noting women’s numerous accomplishments in South Africa, there was an acknowledgement that more changes are still necessary. To this end, the WFP event focused on Violence Against Women (VAW), as a specific issue requiring attention. Following a role-play presented by Aunty Stienie and Alida from Rawsonville, and a presentation by the South African Police Services (SAPS) on the services that women can and should demand when laying charges at police stations, women worked in commissions on the following questions:
1. The extent of the problem of violence against women and children in various communities
2. The nature and extent of the problem of “Sugar Daddies” in their communities
3. The quality of service women receive when reporting cases of sexual violence and abuse at police stations and courts The following were some of the most significant points raised in the commissions: The problem of violence against women
• Many rapes of children take place in the vineyards and orchards when they go and look for fruit
• The poor lighting on farms makes women vulnerable to rape and assault which is very rife; women feel scared to walk at night • Sexual violence and rape against children is a growing problem in all areas
• Because the perpetrators get bail, they continue to commit these acts; other men are also not deterred Sugar Daddies
• Sugar Daddies are a growing problems in all the rural areas
• Poverty, or parents’ ability to provide for all the needs of their young daughters, was the main reason girls had transactional relationships with these men
• Sugar Daddies gave the girls money, cellphones, expensive clothes, toiletries
• In many cases, the parents either knew about the Sugar Daddies or even received money (for the household) from them
Services at Police Stations
• Many police still don’t take it seriously when women try to lay charges against their physically abusive husbands • Police are slow to respond and hardly come out to farms when women phone to report a case; they always says they don’t have vehicles to available
• Police don’t want to take on cases when women don’t have a witness to corroborate their charge
• When women lay a charge, the police send the women home and promise to come to the house, but never do Women’s undertook to:
• Provide practical and moral support to neighbours, friends and family experiencing violence
• Break the silence surrounding the various forms of VAW endemic in communities
• Practically and collectively address the issue of Sugar Daddies in their homes and communities
• Share relevant information with other women regarding VAW – e.g. how to get a interdict against an abusive partner
• Challenge police about the quality of services they receive in cases of VAW
• Organise area-based campaigns around issues of violence against women
WFP celebrated both days on 10 October with an event with 140 women farm workers and dwellers. The focus of the day was to highlight the important contribution of women’s food production to household food security. Through group work, women also discussed their constraints to growing food. These included access to inputs, such as land and seeds, as well as access to markets. Women who are currently participating in the Cooperatives & Food Gardens Programme shared their experiences, especially highlighting the impact of food production: some women spoke about the nutritional benefits their households are experiencing, while others are able to share and sell their surpluses; others have been able to start small house-based businesses – e.g. house shop, selling wood, etc. Â
Aunty Grietjie and her husband are both pensioners, and live on a farm in Rawsonville. They are able to live off the vegetables she produces, as well as the income generated from the sale of surplus vegetables, and the pigs and chickens she purchased from the sale of surplus vegetables.
The event also served to highlight the link between farm worker evictions and food insecurity. As women are evicted from farms, they land up in informal settlements, with even less access to land, and less possibility of producing food. Â